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Organisms

Borrelia burgdorferi – spirochete, prokaryotic bacteria, contains axial filament and endoflagella, causing Lyme disease

Chlasteridium – can produce spores, toxins (botulism)

Euglena sp. – a eukaryotic algal microbe found in pond water containing a flagella that moves itself towards sunlight where the eyespot (made up of beta-carotene) directs the cell towards the sunlight. This is known as phototaxis.

Neisseria gonorrhoeae – causes gonnhorea, prokaryote with a fimbriae

Paramecium – contains cilia that allows for movements, ingestion of substances

Plasmodium faciparum – a protozoan that causes malaria and is treated with chloroqune, mefloquine, and doxycyclin.

  • vectored by female mosquitos
  • sexual reproductions occurs in mosquitoes, but asexual reproduction occurs in human host
  • mezoite, produced from the asexual replication of the infected RBC cell
  • eventually the mezoites develop a ring stage to form a trophozoite (feeding cell and having a flagella)
  • the body’s reaction to the mezoites infection of the RBC leads to high fever in malignant malaria

Streptococcus pneumoniae – prokaryote with capsule glycocalyx that prevent bacteria from being recognized by the immune system of the host cell, causing pneumonia

Klebsiella pneumoniae – prokaryote with capsule glycocalyx that prevent bacteria from being recognized by the host’s immune system, causing pneumonia

Treponema pallidum – prokaryotic bacteria, spirochete, containing an axial filament and endoflagella which causes syphilis

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Yensenia pestis aka Bacillus Pestis – bacilli, rod shaped, causes the Black Death, contains plasmids that codes for a protein that harms its host

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